Regenerative Medicine and the Thymus Gland

Modern medicine is finding that debilitating musculoskeletal injuries are less dangerous for long-term vitality due to advances in the understanding of the body's intrinsic healing mechanisms. The thymus gland is a crucial, but not fully understood, a regenerative mechanism that the body uses to heal itself.

Although still under extensive research, clinical studies have revealed its role in physiological regeneration and protection. The thymus gland produces proteins that are crucial in the rehabilitation and recovery from any type of musculoskeletal injury. Read full article in order to get more information about the thymus gland and regenerative medicine.

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The thymus gland naturally produces thymus proteins early in life. Most of this production ceases before puberty. They are also known as Tb4, and they have a multitude of cellular functions that aid in the healing and recovery of injured tissue. They are responsible for the improvement of blood vessel formation (angiogenesis), cell movement, stem cell differentiation, and gene expression.

These proteins can be found in higher concentrations near areas of injury, such as a quadriceps torn. They facilitate healing by the aforementioned mechanisms. They have been shown to be effective in healing and recovering damaged tissue. A 1999 study in the Journal of Investigative Dermatology showed that wound healing is accelerated by the angiogenesis process.

A 2014 Journal of Orthopaedic Research study found that bone fracture healing could be enhanced by the thymus. The study found that treated mice had a 41% increase in peak force to failure and had up to 26% more new mineralized tissue than the control group. Importantly, researchers noted that the findings of their study indicated that thymus proteins played a key role in the healing of bone fractures.